Each tree is to be individually considered and the general description of the work to be done is to be assessed in relation to the shape, size, character, condition, site and species of tree. All operations will be completed to leave each tree in an acceptable, well-balanced and safe condition.
It is generally accepted that large pruning cuts should be avoided unless the tree has been damaged or has storm damage that has caused branch failure or complying with legislation and highway regulations.
Branches will be removed so that any unnecessary injury to the tree is avoided and all final cuts should be made into good wood making possible occlusion by the growth of callous tissue. All final cuts will be made at the branch collar, with the branch collar remaining intact. All cuts will be made in such a manner as set out in the guidelines of BS3998
Pruning will be carried out where practical using secateurs or hand pruning saws, this leaves a cleaner cut and reduces the possibility of decay.
Dead, diseased or damaged branches will be pruned back to the corresponding branch collar. In the case of crossed rubbing branches, the branches will be assessed, pruned or removed accordingly, whilst ensuring a reasonable overall shape is maintained. Bark wounds are to have any broken, splintered wood and or damaged bark removed.
Wherever practical all saws both chainsaw & handsaw will be disinfected as to prevent cross contamination.
Formative Pruning & Fruit Tree Pruning
Formative or corrective pruning will be carried out to young trees with the objective to develop a tree into a well-shaped and balanced specimen and must be carried out in accordance with the nature of the tree.
Weak, crossing or dead branches will be removed.
A singular leader will be developed where appropriate. Crowns may be lifted, thinned and reduced in size, dependent upon species. Where the tree is still staked and tied, broken stakes/ties will be replaced/adjusted or completely removed if the tree is of a sufficient size to support itself.
Additional works can be fruit tree pruning and the practice of espalier growth training.